By William H. McNeill
In this magisterial background, nationwide e-book Award winner William H. McNeill chronicles the interactions and disputes among Latin Christians and the Orthodox groups of jap Europe in the course of the interval 1081–1797. focusing on Venice because the hinge of ecu background within the overdue medieval and early smooth interval, McNeill explores the technological, financial, and political bases of Venetian energy and wealth, and the city’s exact prestige on the frontier among the papal and Orthodox Christian worlds. He will pay specific recognition to Venetian impact upon southeastern Europe, and from such an attitude of imaginative and prescient, the frequent development of eu historical past adjustments shape.
“No different historian might were able to writing a publication as direct, as well-informed and as little weighed down via crimson prose as this one. Or as neutral. McNeill has succeeded admirably.”—Fernand Braudel, Times Literary Supplement
“The booklet is critical, attention-grabbing, sometimes compelling, and consistently suggestive.”—Stanley Chojnacki, American old Review
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Additional resources for Venice: The Hinge of Europe, 1081-1797
In addition to the precious cargoes of distant origin that 36 1081-1282 enriched Black Sea ports, articles of local production (grain, salt, fish) together with furs, wax, and slaves coming from the Russian north and from the Caucasus area added significantly to the value of their trade. Genoese merchants profited greatly, possessing major fortified bases at Pera, across the Golden Horn from Constantinople, at Caffa in the Crimea, and enjoying almost equally favorable conditions at Trebizond as well.
The doge's role as host and peacemaker, acting as a mediating third power between the twin and rival heads of Latin Christendom, mightily flattered Venetian self-esteem, both at the time and subsequently. But pomp and ceremony did not distract Venetian attention from the art at which they excelled: driving a hard bargain. In return for their lavish hospitality, Frederick granted the Venetians full exemption from imperial tolls throughout his dominions, thus putting the trade policy of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation vis a vis Venice on a par with that of the Roman Empire of the east.
A brisk flow of trade also offered advantages to the rulers of these great states in the way of tax revenues and a supply of strategic and luxury goods required by their armies and courts. This meant that there were persuasive reasons to induce even powerful rulers to come to terms with the Venetians. It is a very striking fact that the Byzantine emperors, who, unlike the other territorial rulers with whom the Venetians dealt, derived no direct tax revenues from Venetian trade, nevertheless continued to allow the Venetians to do business in their ports during most of the twelfth century.