By Heiko Hecht, Geert Savelsbergh
Time-to-contact is the visible details that observers use in primary projects equivalent to touchdown an plane or hitting a ball. Time-to-contact has been a scorching subject in conception and motion for a few years and even though many articles were released in this subject, a accomplished assessment or review of the idea doesn't but exist. This e-book fills an incredible hole and should have entice the notion and motion neighborhood. The ebook is split into 4 sections. part one covers the basis of time-to-contact, part covers varied behavioral ways to time-to-contact estimation, part 3 specializes in time-to-contact as belief and method, and part 4 covers time-to-contact and motion legislation.
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Additional info for Time-to-Contact
Stimulation of the surround increases or decreases the response to stimulation in the center, depending on the stimulation and selectivity of the surround (Born, 2000). Stimulation of the surround alone elicits no response. , 1985; Raiguel, Van Hulle, Xiao, Marcar, Orban, 1995). Despite that the name appears to suggest it, the surround must not lie concentrically around the center of a neurons receptive field. , 1995). This suggests that the spatial organization of center and surround enables MT neurons to respond to differences in the motion of adjacent image locations.
When tested with moving bars, gratings, or random dot fields of variable speed, most neurons in these areas also display selectivity for the speed of the stimulus. Typically, the speed tuning is independent of other tuning properties of the neuron. For instance, the speed tuning of an MT neuron is independent from its direction tuning (Rodman & Albright, 1987). g. Lappe etal. 1996). Whereas neurons in area VI are influenced by the spatial frequency content of the stimulus and thus react to spatiotemporal frequency rather than visual speed, neurons in MT already display true speed selectivity (Perrone & Thiele, 2001).
1971). Infant responses to impending collision. Science, 111, 818-820. Bechterew, W. (1884). Uber die Function der Vierhugel. Pfliigers Arch, 33, 413. Bessette, B. B. & Hodos, W. (1989). Intensity, colour, and pattern discrimination deficits after lesions of the core and belt regions of the ectostriatum. Visual Neuroscience, 2, 27-34. Blanchard, D. , Lee, E. M. C. & Blanchard, R. J. (1981). Taming of wild rattus norvegicus by lesions of the mesencephalis central gray. Physiological Psychology, 9, 157-163.