By Geoffrey E. Braswell
Because the Thirties, archaeologists have exposed startling proof of interplay among the Early vintage Maya and the nice empire of Teotihuacan in crucial Mexico. but the precise nature of the connection among those historic Mesoamerican civilizations is still totally deciphered. Many students have assumed that Teotihuacan colonized the Maya area and ruled the political or monetary structures of definite key centers—perhaps even giving upward push to state-level political businesses. Others argue that Early vintage rulers only traded with Teotihuacan and elegantly manipulated its imported unique items and image units to extend their status. relocating past those conventional assumptions, the members to this quantity current huge new proof from archaeology, iconography, and epigraphy to supply a extra nuanced figuring out of the interplay among the Early vintage Maya and Teotihuacan. Investigating various Maya websites, together with Kaminaljuyu, Cop?n, Tikal, Altun Ha, and Oxkintok, they show that the effect of Teotihuacan at the Maya diverse in nature and period from web site to website, requiring various versions to give an explanation for the styles of interplay. additionally, they exhibit that the interplay was once bidirectional and talk about how the Maya in flip encouraged Teotihuacan.
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Additional info for The Maya and Teotihuacan: Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction (The Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies)
To if not somewhat earlier. A ‘‘pulse’’ of interaction this early has been noted before only at Altun Ha (Chapter ). Bove and Medrano’s dramatic evidence from Balberta—consisting of cached vessels with eﬃgy cacao beans and related ﬁnds of central Mexican Thin Orange ware and green obsidian from Pachuca, Hidalgo (the principal source of Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction prismatic blades used at Early Classic Teotihuacan)—may suggest the commemoration of a trade agreement. Their data also reveal links to the Gulf Coast region of Veracruz.
For example, the talud-tablero was interpreted as the strongest evidence for colonization by a superior Teotihuacan force, in part because it was assumed that the Maya would not build such structures unless coerced (Cheek a, b). Joseph W. Ball () has sought a more rigorous way to distinguish between the archaeological correlates of migration and diﬀusion. His chapter in Highland-Lowland Interaction in Mesoamerica: Interdisciplinary Approaches (Miller ), the last major collection devoted to MayaTeotihuacan interaction, is still current.
One archaeological approach to identifying ethnicity (and hence, cases of migration) is based on in-group versus between-group displays of identity. Stefan Burmeister () argues that the internal domain (aspects of the behavior of a migrating group that are generally hidden from members of the host society) is more likely to reﬂect ethnicity than the public or external domain. Heinrich Härke () sees this suggestion as new, but it has been applied to questions of ethnicity and Teotihuacan enclaves for many years.