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Additional info for Differing Perspec Motor Memor:
Immediate recall of the criterion was always required in these movement velocity experiments. Wilberg and Hall noted that the consistency between criterion and PM for velocity was maintained throughout the three phases of both long and short movements. This relationship remained constant regardless of whether the criterion was experimenter or subject imposed. 90 and above were common) generally noted between the three movement phases, the criterion, and the PM for all error measures. High positive relationships were found between: 1) the A and C sections of a movement criterion, whether it was long or short: 2) the A and C sections of the recalled movement (PM) whether long or short; 3 ) the A segments of criterion and its PM, for both long and short movements: 4 ) the C segment of the criterion and its PM for both long and short movements: 5) the A sections of long and short movements for both criterion and PM .
This occurs whether the repeated trials are blocked around a single criterion, or distributed in an unbiased fashion among various criteria. Longer criterion movements produce larger variances than do smaller ones in an absolute rather than a relative sense (see Poulton, 1980, re: Craik's ratio rule). If the variable error (VE) is the most logical indicator of motor-memory as Stelmach (1974) suggests, then one must distinguish between the variances due to all causes. For example, increases in variance could be due to: a) the exceeding of memory span, b) degradation of the TBRI through retention related phenomenon, and c) the simple inability of the subject to reproduce the TBRI exactly at any time.
Yet upon immediate recall, it is only the constant velocity phase that reflects the TBRI. It is clear then that while the error measures may indicate the proximity of the PM to the criterion, they can say almost nothing about the TBRI. Such measures are insensitive to the nature of the TBRI and the manner in which a subject organizes it to produce an appropriate response. The total movement length is affected by the range effect but those sections associated with acceleration and deceleration are not.