By Michael K. G. Whateley, K. T. Pickering
This quantity of 23 papers, comprising many features of contemporary and historical deltaic sedimentary structures, is meant as an outline of this topic for using scholars, academics and researchers alike.
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Additional resources for Deltas: Sites and Traps for Fossil Fuels (Geological Society Special Publication No. 41)
The main sediment input is usually found at the landward head of the basin, although sediment input may occur as point sources anywhere along the flanks, and in this respect there is an important difference between borderland basins and fjords. Table 1 provides a brief review of the main geological parameters affecting fjord sediment processes. Fjords by definition (Syvitski et al. 1987) have been (or are presently being) excavated or modified by land-based glaciers. During the deglaciation phase, basin infill may be strongly influenced by ice-contact sedimentation processes (Syvitski, in press).
HOLTEDAHL,H. 1965. Recent turbidites in the Hardangerfjord, Norway. Colston Research Society Proceedings Bristol 17, 107-141. KARLSRUD, K. & BY, T. 1981. Stability evaluations for submarine slopes: data on run-out distance and velocity of soil flows generated by subaqueous slides and quick-clay slides. Norwegian Geotechnical Institute Report 52207-7, 67 pp. LINDSAY, J. , PRIOR, D. B. & COLEMAN, J. M. 1984. Distributary-mouth bar development and role of submarine landslides in delta growth, South Pass, Mississippi Delta.
Syvitski & G. E. Farrow The distance of lateral translation for sediment blocks from side-wall failures is much greater than for slides occurring along the axis of the basin (Fig. 10). Furthermore, marginal slide zones frequently fail more than once because of their steep slopes and the thin cover of sediment over the local basement rocks. As an example, a slide from a basin wall in the outer part of Itirbilung Fiord, Batiin Island, shows at least two stages of failure (Fig. 14). There the failed sediment mass is much more remoulded compared with slides along the basin axis.