By Jean Franco
In merciless Modernity, Jean Franco examines the stipulations lower than which severe cruelty turned the tool of armies, governments, rebels, and rogue teams in Latin the USA. She seeks to appreciate how severe cruelty got here to be practiced in lots of components of the continent over the past 80 years and the way its explanations range from the stipulations that caused the Holocaust, that is in general the atrocity opposed to which the horror of others is measured. In Latin the United States, torturers and the perpetrators of atrocity weren't merely knowledgeable in cruelty yet frequently supplied their very own rationales for undertaking it. whilst "draining the ocean" to cast off the help for insurgent teams gave license to dispose of complete households, the rape, torture, and slaughter of ladies dramatized festering misogyny and long-standing racial discrimination accounted for prime demise tolls in Peru and Guatemala. within the drug wars, cruelty has turn into regimen as tortured our bodies function messages directed to rival gangs.
Franco attracts on human-rights records, memoirs, testimonials, novels, and flicks, in addition to pictures and artwork works, to discover not just merciless acts however the discriminatory pondering that made them attainable, their long term results, the precariousness of reminiscence, and the pathos of survival.
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Additional info for Cruel Modernity
Cruel modernity / Jean Franco. pages cm Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-8223-5442-0 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN 978-0-8223-5456-7 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Latin America—Politics and government—20th century. 2. Latin America—Politics and government—21st century. 3. State-sponsored terrorism—Latin America—History—20th century. 4. State-sponsored terrorism—Latin America—History—21st century. I. Title. F1414. 03—dc23 2013003141 ISBN-13: 978-0-8223-7890-7 (electronic) CONTENTS Acknowledgments Introduction ONE The “Insignificant Incident” and Its Aftermath TWO Alien to Modernity THREE Raping the Dead FOUR Killers, Torturers, Sadists, and Collaborators FIVE Revolutionary Justice SIX Cruel Survival SEVEN Tortured Souls EIGHT The Ghostly Arts NINE Apocalypse Now Afterword.
64 In the absence of any possible narrative, the photograph of the disappeared person became an icon, the accusatory evidence of a life whose existence had been denied. Families used the photographs of sons and daughters to undo the official story and to demand counterfactually that they be returned with life. Years after their disappearance, their photographs have grown faded, underscoring the years of impunity and challenging the amnesia decreed by the governments not only of the Southern Cone but also of Colombia, Guatemala, Peru, and Mexico.
In The Brief Life of Oscar Wao, the story is told in footnotes. Vargas Llosa slips a brief mention of the massacre into his novel La fiesta del chivo (The Feast of the Goat), but as an incident that the dictator regretted rather than one he must have regarded as nation-building. In the diplomatic correspondence, the massacre is referred to as el insignificante incidente (a minor incident) provoked by unruly criminal elements crossing the border from Haiti. But the massacre was foretold by Trujillo himself when, visiting the region in October 1937, he abruptly announced that “to Dominicans who were complaining of the depredations by Haitians living among them, thefts of cattle provision, fruit etc.