Creating Citizens: Political Education and Liberal Democracy by Eamonn Callan

By Eamonn Callan

What's the position of political schooling in liberal democracies? this query, that's on the center of modern debates within the US over federal investment of non-public colleges, varieties the center of this e-book. the matter of political schooling is to make sure the constitutive beliefs of liberal democracy whereas closing open to a range of behavior and ideology which can threaten these beliefs. In Creating Citizens, Eamonn Callan, one of many world's most efficient philosophers of schooling, identifies either the imperative ends of civic schooling and the rights that restrict their political pursuit. This well timed new research sheds gentle on a few of our such a lot divisive academic controversies, equivalent to kingdom sponsorship and law of denominational education, in addition to the position of non-denominational colleges within the ethical and political improvement of youngsters.

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By Eamonn Callan

What's the position of political schooling in liberal democracies? this query, that's on the center of modern debates within the US over federal investment of non-public colleges, varieties the center of this e-book. the matter of political schooling is to make sure the constitutive beliefs of liberal democracy whereas closing open to a range of behavior and ideology which can threaten these beliefs. In Creating Citizens, Eamonn Callan, one of many world's most efficient philosophers of schooling, identifies either the imperative ends of civic schooling and the rights that restrict their political pursuit. This well timed new research sheds gentle on a few of our such a lot divisive academic controversies, equivalent to kingdom sponsorship and law of denominational education, in addition to the position of non-denominational colleges within the ethical and political improvement of youngsters.

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The challenge of pluralism requires us to distinguish two issues that are easily confused here. The boundaries of reasonable pluralism fix the range of values and perspectives that properly enter into political deliberation in a just society. Thus a political culture that systematically slighted the views of women whenever these tended to diverge from hegemonic male beliefs would circumscribe reasonable pluralism too narrowly. But notice that the operative (mis)conception of reasonable pluralism need not issue in coercion towards those whose views are wrongly deemed unreasonable.

Stephen Macedo has observed that the public virtues of liberalism ‘have a private life’ (Macedo 1990: 265). That is obviously true of comprehensive liberalism, and it looks as if political liberalism is no exception to the rule. 12. Political Liberalism and the Fate of Religion A powerful constraint on the background culture of liberal politics is an inevitable consequence of the education that Rawlsian political liberalism entails. But Rawls is anxious to mitigate that constraint. He insists that though reasonableness teaches us to place allegiance to comprehensive doctrines outside public reason, this does not oblige us to be ‘hesitant and uncertain, much less skeptical, about our own beliefs’ (Rawls 1993: 63).

The fact that reasonableness might cohere with some altered form will not placate them. Scottish Calvinists of the seventeenth century would be horrified at what many of their American descendants take to be a Protestant faith. Contemporary religious conservatives might feel a comparable horror at the prospect of a faith their children could one day have that was as thoroughly liberalized as Rawls's political conception of the person would require. 13. Back to Comprehensive Liberalism But what is left now of the contrast between political and comprehensive liberalism in their relation to pluralism?

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