Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in by Z Jin

By Z Jin

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology within the Musculoskeletal System experiences how quite a lot of fabrics are modelled and the way this modelling is utilized. Computational modelling is more and more vital within the layout and manufacture of biomedical fabrics, because it makes it attainable to foretell definite implant-tissue reactions, degradation, and put on, and permits extra exact tailoring of fabrics' homes for the in vivo setting.

Part I introduces established modelling of biomechanics and biotribology with a bankruptcy at the basics of computational modelling of biomechanics within the musculoskeletal method, and one more bankruptcy on finite aspect modelling within the musculoskeletal approach. Chapters partly II concentrate on computational modelling of musculoskeletal cells and tissues, together with phone mechanics, tender tissues and ligaments, muscle biomechanics, articular cartilage, bone and bone remodelling, and fracture techniques in bones. half III highlights computational modelling of orthopedic biomaterials and interfaces, together with fatigue of bone cement, fracture procedures in orthopedic implants, and cementless cup fixation in overall hip arthroplasty (THA). ultimately, chapters partly IV speak about functions of computational modelling for joint replacements and tissue scaffolds, in particular hip implants, knee implants, and spinal implants; and computing device aided layout and finite point modelling of bone tissue scaffolds.

This e-book is a finished source for pros within the biomedical marketplace, fabrics scientists and mechanical engineers, and people in academia.

  • Covers conventional modelling of cells and tissues; modelling of biomaterials and interfaces; biomechanics and biotribology
  • Discusses purposes of modelling for joint replacements and functions of computational modelling in tissue engineering

Show description

By Z Jin

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology within the Musculoskeletal System experiences how quite a lot of fabrics are modelled and the way this modelling is utilized. Computational modelling is more and more vital within the layout and manufacture of biomedical fabrics, because it makes it attainable to foretell definite implant-tissue reactions, degradation, and put on, and permits extra exact tailoring of fabrics' homes for the in vivo setting.

Part I introduces established modelling of biomechanics and biotribology with a bankruptcy at the basics of computational modelling of biomechanics within the musculoskeletal method, and one more bankruptcy on finite aspect modelling within the musculoskeletal approach. Chapters partly II concentrate on computational modelling of musculoskeletal cells and tissues, together with phone mechanics, tender tissues and ligaments, muscle biomechanics, articular cartilage, bone and bone remodelling, and fracture techniques in bones. half III highlights computational modelling of orthopedic biomaterials and interfaces, together with fatigue of bone cement, fracture procedures in orthopedic implants, and cementless cup fixation in overall hip arthroplasty (THA). ultimately, chapters partly IV speak about functions of computational modelling for joint replacements and tissue scaffolds, in particular hip implants, knee implants, and spinal implants; and computing device aided layout and finite point modelling of bone tissue scaffolds.

This e-book is a finished source for pros within the biomedical marketplace, fabrics scientists and mechanical engineers, and people in academia.

  • Covers conventional modelling of cells and tissues; modelling of biomaterials and interfaces; biomechanics and biotribology
  • Discusses purposes of modelling for joint replacements and functions of computational modelling in tissue engineering

Show description

Read or Download Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System. Biomaterials and Tissues PDF

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Extra info for Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System. Biomaterials and Tissues

Example text

S. (1990), ‘An optimal control model for maximum-height human jumping’, J Biomech, 23(12), 1185–1198, 1990. E. L. (1971), ‘Human attitude control’, J Biomech, 4, 95–102. , Braak, L. H. and Huson, A. (1996), ‘Analysis of stresses in two-dimensional models of normal and neuropathic feet’, Med Biol Eng Comput, 34, 280–284. S. H. (2007), ‘Finite element modelling of the pelvis: inclusion of muscular and ligamentous boundary conditions’, Med Eng Phys, 29, 739–748. 1016/j. 010) Piekarski, K. (1973), ‘Analysis of bone as a composite material’, Int J Eng Sci, 11, 557–558.

The adjacent elements share the degree of freedom at connecting nodes. With the consideration of loads and boundary conditions, using variational principles or weighted residual approaches, a set of algebraic equations or ordinary differential equations for elements can be determined, in order to solve and obtain the unknown variables. A typical analysis based on the FE method may consist of the following steps. • • Pre-processing: In this stage, a mathematical model of the physical problem to be analyzed should be constructed first, after which the model discretization is conducted, where the complex model structure is simplified as a collection of appropriate elements with simple geometry.

It is a very daunting and time consuming task to interpret the complicated calculation outcomes obtained or to extract clinically meaningful information from the huge amount of data generated by the multi-scale simulations. , 2009). Although parameter sensitivity studies coupled with statistical populations of in vivo and primarily in vitro data may provide some initial verifications, the limitation of the current measuring techniques make a thorough subject-specific in vivo validation impossible.

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