By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Committee to Develop a Long-Term Research Agenda for the Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)
The community for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES), administered by way of the nationwide technology origin (NSF), is scheduled to turn into operational in 2004. those community websites will practice quite a number experiments to check and validate advanced laptop types being constructed to simulate the habit of constructions subjected to earthquakes. to aid during this attempt, the NSF asked the nationwide examine Council(NRC) to border the most important inquiries to be addressed by way of and to strengthen a long term study schedule for NEES. combating Earthquake failures offers an outline of the grand problem together with six serious examine difficulties making up that problem. The record additionally presents an review of earthquake engineering study matters and the position of knowledge expertise in that examine attempt, and a learn plan for NEES.
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2 A view of damage in Aonae, a small town on Okushiri, an island in the Sea of Japan, from the 1993 Hokkaido tsunami and related fire. Photo courtesy of Commander Dennis J. Sigrist, acting director of the International Tsunami Information Center. dential sites have been frequent and vulnerable targets for seismically generated sea waves from near and distant sources. Between 1992 and 1994, the Nicaraguan tsunami, the Flores Island tsunami (Indonesia), and the Hokkaido tsunami (Japan) caused devastating property damage and many deaths.
2 A Note on Annualized Risk Earthquake risk is often expressed on an annualized basis; that is, the cost of an event with an expected frequency of once in x years is discounted as an equal annual cost over that period. However, such first-order economics are somewhat misleading when applied to catastrophic earthquake losses. Although the expected annualized losses may be accurately calculated at, say, $4 billion (a figure that appears quite manageable within a $10 trillion economy), in reality the losses from a single catastrophic earthquake could approach 30 to 50 times that amount.
NEES research efforts can fill this critical THE GRAND CHALLENGE FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH 25 knowledge gap by producing the data needed to implement performancebased design. The remainder of this report identifies significant issues for earthquake engineering research, the unique capabilities of the NEES initiative to address them, the important role of information and communications technologies in NEES, a research plan incorporating short-, medium-, and long-term goals, and the committee’s conclusions and specific recommendations.