By Fred K. Drogula
During this paintings, Fred Drogula stories the advance of Roman provincial command utilizing the phrases and ideas of the Romans themselves as reference issues. starting within the earliest years of the republic, Drogula argues, provincial command used to be no longer a uniform proposal fastened in confident legislations yet relatively a dynamic set of principles formed by means of conventional perform. for this reason, because the Roman country grew, ideas of authority, keep an eye on over territory, and armed forces energy underwent continuous transformation. this pliability used to be a huge source for the Romans because it enabled them to answer new army demanding situations in potent methods. however it used to be additionally a resource of clash over the jobs and definitions of energy. the increase of well known politics within the overdue republic enabled males like Pompey and Caesar to exploit their significant impact to govern the versatile traditions of army command for his or her personal virtue. Later, Augustus used nominal provincial instructions to soothe the senate while he centred army and governing energy less than his personal keep an eye on by way of claiming ultimate rule. In doing so, he laid the foundation for the early empire's principles of command.
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Extra resources for Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire
92. 1–13, Dion. Hal. 5–7, Dion. Hal. 7, Dion. Hal. 7–8. 93. See Heuss (1944) 57–133. Humm (2012) 83 has also argued that the curiate law was created after the monarchy had been expelled from Rome. 94. 3). See chapter 2 for a full discussion of the role played by the comitia curiata in authorizing military command. 36 Concepts and Traditions of Military Leadership in Early Rome Thus, the authority of the state became a sine qua non in defining a man as a commander. This may have involved the creation or establishment of imperium as an essential legitimizing source of military authority, or perhaps it was merely a moment when the Roman people asserted their right to give and withhold the military authority of imperium.
8), camp gate (Fest. 249L). 20 Concepts and Traditions of Military Leadership in Early Rome tary resources made up of their family and retainers or dependents. 39 The close proximity of enemies made small-scale raids a constant part of life, and the Romans no doubt responded to (and initiated) such attacks in various ways. While large armies might be put together for campaigns of conquest or major punitive actions, it was probably more usual for clans (gentes) to defend their own territory and possessions with private war bands.
The first two centuries after the end of the monarchy. 32 Surely some period of experimentation and instability must have followed the collapse of the monarchy, and powerful clans probably struggled to acquire as much power and authority as possible. 34 Moreover, there is every indication that the government of the early republic was not as organized and structured as ancient authors would have us believe, and so one should expect that military command took different forms in those early days. 35 Indeed, it would be a grave mistake to equate the two simply because both positions shared the same name, as is demonstrated by the different types of tribunes that existed in the republic.