By Niels Ole Bernsen, Guy A. Orban, Wolf Singer
This booklet experiences the development made in Europe during the last decade within the box of Cognitive Neuroscience and issues out options for the longer term.
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Additional info for Cognitive Neuroscience: Research Directions In Cognitive Science: European perspectives, volume 4
Indeed the localisation of the lesion corresponds grossly to that of area V5 (or MT) in the macaque in which Dubner and Zeki (1971) and many others since then have shown that 2 VISUAL NEUROSCIENCE 25 most cells are direction selective and hence likely to be involved in motion perception. However in may cases the deficit will be more complex. Often, it will be possible to document the position and extent of the lesion with modern neuroimaging techniques such as the Computerised Tomography (CT) scan or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), but difficult to find out to which areas this corresponds to in the monkey brain.
It seems that presently most techniques necessary to approach relevant questions in cognitive neuroscience are available. It follows that the problem now is not to find out how to tackle the questions but a matter of setting priorities and providing support to groups having the capacity to perform these experiments. Two steps have to be made in order to answer the first question involving the localisation of a cognitive function. It should be noted that often subfunctions or different aspects of cognitive functions will be localised in different parts of the brain.
Relatively few groups are presently dealing with developmental issues except for the very early (prenatal) stages of development. 3. , we have been loosing ground since then. ) are using monkeys as an animal model. Furthermore, as mentioned above, few studies involve the primate extrastriate cortex, the most interesting target from a cognitive visual neuroscience point of view. Many of the larger European groups have developmental preoccupations. One of the most exciting aspects of their work is plasticity at the single cell level, which may also contribute to learning in the adult animal.