By Lisa J. LeCount, Jason Yaeger
The participants to this quantity chart the increase and fall of the vintage Maya heart of Xunantunich, paying targeted awareness to its altering relationships with the groups that comprised its hinterlands. They learn how the altering relationships among Xunantunich and the bigger country of Naranjo affected the neighborhood inhabitants, the site in their farms and homes, and the diversity of financial and subsistence actions during which either elites and commoners engaged. in addition they research the methods universal humans seized possibilities and met demanding situations provided by way of a altering political landscape.
The wealthy archaeological information during this e-book exhibit that incorporating topic groups and people—and retaining them incorporated—was an on-going problem to historic Maya rulers. formerly, archaeologists have lacked built-in local info and a fine-grained chronology within which to rfile temporary shifts in web site occupations, subsistence suggestions, and different vital practices of the way of life of the Maya. This publication presents a revised photograph of Maya politics—one of alternative methods of governing and alliance formation between dominant facilities, provincial polities, and hinterland communities.
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Extra resources for Classic Maya Provincial Politics: Xunantunich and Its Hinterlands
The k’uhul ajawtaak of the most powerful sites also visited other sites to witness important political events such as royal accessions, sometimes even authorizing the event, as indicated by the verb clause u-kab’jiiy or “it was done by him” (Martin and Grube 2008:19). By charting statements inscribed on hieroglyphic monuments across the lowlands, Martin and Grube illustrate a complex set of social and political interactions between the two major kingdoms of Tikal and Calakmul, which they term “superstates,” and other, less powerful kingdoms (Martin and Grube 2008:21).
The tribute glyph, ikats, for cargo, 42 l e c o u n t a n d ya e g e r in association with the glyph for “foot-ascending-steps” also testifies to obligatory “gift giving” and tribute presentations set before kings seated on thrones or benches at the top of stepped platforms (Stuart 1998:409–417). Stuart (1998:414) documents repeated reference to cargo, warfare, and a conquered Yaxha lord on Naranjo Stela 12, which suggests preoccupation with the delivery of tribute. Houston (2000:173) goes so far as to suggest that the Classic Maya had established a tributary economy in which elite goods, such as cloth, Spondylus shells, feathers, pottery vessels, and other luxury items flowed into royal courts.
Turning to archaeological correlates, Katharina Schreiber (2001:74) suggests that the effects of direct control by a dominant state over a subordinate polity may be seen in at least three ways. First, local political Provincial Politics and the Maya State 39 institutions were reorganized to establish state control. Second, economies were reorganized to provide tribute for the dominant state, thereby intensifying or changing local production. Third, dominant states may co-opt local ritual activities, artifacts, or landscapes and replace them with state ideologies.