Civil-Military Relations in Latin America: New Analytical by David Pion-Berlin

By David Pion-Berlin

The military might not rule international locations all through Latin the US, yet they proceed to steer democratic governments around the sector. In 9 unique, thought-provoking essays, this publication deals clean theoretical insights into the dilemmas dealing with Latin American politicians as they fight to realize complete regulate over their army associations. Latin the USA has replaced in profound methods because the finish of the chilly conflict, the re-emergence of democracy, and the ascendancy of free-market economies and alternate blocs. The members to this quantity realize the need of discovering highbrow methods that talk to those modifications. They make the most of a variety of modern versions to investigate contemporary political and fiscal reform in countries all through Latin the USA, proposing case reports on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, and Venezuela. Bridging the space among Latin American reviews and political technology, those essays not just discover the forces that form civil-military family in Latin the US but in addition handle greater questions of political improvement and democratization within the zone. The participants are Felipe Aguero, J. Samuel Fitch, Wendy Hunter, Ernesto Lopez, Brian Loveman, David R. Mares, Deborah L. Norden, David Pion-Berlin, and Harold A. Trinkunas. Latin American Studies/Political technological know-how

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By David Pion-Berlin

The military might not rule international locations all through Latin the US, yet they proceed to steer democratic governments around the sector. In 9 unique, thought-provoking essays, this publication deals clean theoretical insights into the dilemmas dealing with Latin American politicians as they fight to realize complete regulate over their army associations. Latin the USA has replaced in profound methods because the finish of the chilly conflict, the re-emergence of democracy, and the ascendancy of free-market economies and alternate blocs. The members to this quantity realize the need of discovering highbrow methods that talk to those modifications. They make the most of a variety of modern versions to investigate contemporary political and fiscal reform in countries all through Latin the USA, proposing case reports on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, and Venezuela. Bridging the space among Latin American reviews and political technology, those essays not just discover the forces that form civil-military family in Latin the US but in addition handle greater questions of political improvement and democratization within the zone. The participants are Felipe Aguero, J. Samuel Fitch, Wendy Hunter, Ernesto Lopez, Brian Loveman, David R. Mares, Deborah L. Norden, David Pion-Berlin, and Harold A. Trinkunas. Latin American Studies/Political technological know-how

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Additional info for Civil-Military Relations in Latin America: New Analytical Perspectives

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Remmer, Military Rule in Latin America, 24. 16. The exception would be the radical Peruvian military regime of 1968–80 to which numerous detailed studies were devoted. For references, see Lowenthal and Fitch, Armies and Politics in Latin America, 43, n. 30. 17. Remmer, Military Rule in Latin America, 31. 18. Since then, other works have emerged. For example, see Munck, Authoritarianism and Democratization. 19. Ricci and Fitch, ‘‘Ending Military Regimes in Argentina,’’ 68. 20. Haggard and Kaufman, Political Economy of Democratic Transitions.

21. These works, like the vast majority of those on democratization, did not bring civilmilitary relations to center stage. They are included here because they have influenced scholars in the civil-military field. 22. Civilian control can occur in nondemocratic regimes as well. Democratic civilian control refers to a condition in democracies where there is both presidential-executive authority and legislative supervision over the military. 23. On Venezuela, see Agüero, ‘‘Debilitating Democracy,’’ 139; on Ecuador, see ‘‘Ecuadorian Crisis over Presidency Ends Peacefully,’’ New York Times, 10 February 2000, 1, 6.

Having failed at coup d’état, the mbr adapted organizationally to follow a political movement path to power. In Chapter 6, David Pion-Berlin explores the paradox that the Argentine military remains subordinate despite a ministry ill suited to enforce that subordination. Using an institutional approach, he argues that there has been a compensation for ministerial frailty in the form of other civilianized centers of power in the executive and legislative branches of government. Autonomy, namely the insularity and independence with which policy makers can work, and institutionalized expertise in the form of governmental schools, institutes, and research centers are the two principal sources of institutional strength.

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