By Simon Collier
Simon Collier examines the formative interval of the Chilean republic's heritage. He combines an research of the information and assumptions of the Chilean political category with a story of the political approach from the consolidation of the Conservative regime within the 1830s, to the start of the liberalization within the early 1860s. Chile's good and more and more liberal political culture used to be cast in severe and infrequently violent conflicts among the dominant Conservative get together (which ruled in a regularly authoritarian demeanour from 1830 to 1858) and the turning out to be forces of political Liberalism. a big political realignment in 1857-8 prepared the ground for complete liberalization.
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Extra info for Chile: The Making of a Republic, 1830-1865: Politics and Ideas
The president, elected by “electors” in the departments (the main provincial subdivisions), was allowed two consecutive ﬁve-year terms, and a third after an intervening term. ) Only in 1871 was the president limited to one term in the ﬁrst instance. He could not be impeached while president, only in the year after he had left ofﬁce. He was given absolute power to name and dismiss cabinet ministers, provincial Intendants and departmental governors, ambassadors, and consuls. He was empowered to appoint a wide range of other public ofﬁcials (judges, army and navy ofﬁcers) in consultation with the Senate, or the Council of State (appointed by himself ), which consisted of judicial, ecclesiastical, and military and naval dignitaries as well as the cabinet.
Who can say? Mainstays of the System Political systems are not maintained by constitutions alone. Their substantial constitutional powers enabled Chilean presidents to govern effectively (for the most part) within well-established rules, albeit rules that were sometimes honored more in the breach than the observance. But what Portales called “the mainspring of the machine”16 – obedience to the government 13 “Capitalismo, Provincialismo, Unidad, Federaci´on,” MV, No. 4618, November 15, 1843 (continued in Nos.
He was a southern landowner as well as a hero of the wars of independence. It was undoubtedly his local connections that impelled him into the leadership of the rebellion of 1851. In general, however, Intendants were recruited from a variety of backgrounds. Among those in ofﬁce in the middle and later 1840s, for instance, we ﬁnd prominent military ﬁgures (Cruz in Concepci´on, Admiral Manuel Blanco Encalada, another hero of independence, in Valparaiso), bright young men such as the poet Salvador Sanfuentes in Valdivia, and promising young political ﬁgures such as Domingo Santa Mar´ıa in Colchagua.