By Nike K. Pokorn
Translation right into a non-mother tongue or inverse translation, particularly of literary texts, has constantly been frowned upon inside of Translation reviews in Western cultures and considered via literary students and linguists as an task of doubtful worthy, doomed to fail. The learn, which bought an award from EST in 2001, units out to problem the demonstrated view and to significantly query a few of the axiomatic assumptions of Western theorists. Its problem is supported by means of broad empirical examine concerning reader reaction to translations of particular literary texts. the belief reached is that the standard of the interpretation, its fluency and acceptability within the objective language setting count totally on the as but undetermined person skills of the actual translator, his/her translation approach and data of the resource and goal cultures, and never on his/her mom tongue or the path during which s/he is translating.
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Extra info for Challenging the Traditional Axioms: Translation into a Non-mother Tongue (Benjamins Translation Library)
In fact, it seems to have been Martin Luther who in defence of his translation for the first time explicitly considered his knowledge of the TL as a decisive advantage over his critics (Luther 1963: 18–22), which led many of his readers to the conclusion that one can translate satisfactorily only into one’s own language. Luther’s conviction was taken over and strengthened by the first and second, nationalist generation of Romantic authors, who also made a great contribution to the rise of national philologies.
E. the two hemispheres of the cerebral cortex have not yet acquired specialisation of function that characterises the adult brain – in particular, the left hemisphere has not yet specialised for language. Lenneberg was convinced that, in accordance with the findings of the neurophysiologist W. G. Penfield (Stern 1983: 326), at birth both hemispheres of the cerebral cortex were equally strong and not yet specialised, which means that lateralisation was not yet complete. He came to this conclusion by observing pre-pubertal children who had suffered brain damage in the speech area of the cerebral cortex through accidents, brain tumours, and surgical intervention, and found out that they recovered speech better than adolescents or adults by using the right hemisphere, which seems impossible after the puberty.
The crucial problem that remains unsolved is which level of competence and proficiency in the two languages involved defines bilingualism, since, as said before, linguistics lacks acid tests which would Challenging the traditional axioms allow us to define the level of proficiency and competence acquired by a particular speaker. e. perfect bilingual speakers who would master both of their languages equally well are very rare, if they exist at all: The notion of proficiency raises some very complex issues.