Censorship in Fascist Italy, 1922-43: Policies, Procedures by G. Talbot

By G. Talbot

Censorship and customary experience in Fascist Italy, 1922-43 is the 1st finished account of the variety and complexity of censorship practices in Italy lower than the Fascist dictatorship. through providing archival fabric from the political police; the Italian army; the major Minister's press place of work, and its next incarnation, the Ministry for pop culture, it exhibits how practices of censorship have been used to impact regime swap, to degree and to form public opinion, habit and attitudes within the two decades of Mussolini's dictatorship.

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By G. Talbot

Censorship and customary experience in Fascist Italy, 1922-43 is the 1st finished account of the variety and complexity of censorship practices in Italy lower than the Fascist dictatorship. through providing archival fabric from the political police; the Italian army; the major Minister's press place of work, and its next incarnation, the Ministry for pop culture, it exhibits how practices of censorship have been used to impact regime swap, to degree and to form public opinion, habit and attitudes within the two decades of Mussolini's dictatorship.

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D’Annunzio was the first to batter the door of Liberal Italy by defiantly leading his Arditi into the city of Fiume, given up by the Italian government at Versailles, despite a secret deal done in London which the US president Woodrow Wilson refused to accept. Next came the Fascists and the biennio rosso, the two years dominated by strikes and fears of a Bolshevik revolution in Italy. An important 21 22 Censorship in Fascist Italy, 1922–43 point about the squadristi smashing up of the Avanti! offices, however, is that it probably was an example of Sorelian myth in action.

Homogeneity of the domestic press, however, was not the most immediate concern of the newly-proclaimed dictator. Police reform, on the 34 Censorship in Fascist Italy, 1922–43 other hand, was a matter very high on Mussolini’s list of priorities when he achieved power in 1922. As an agitator and subversive, he had been well known to the Italian police, and he had more reasons than most incoming prime ministers for wanting to make radical changes. 29 He could not afford to recruit paid informers, so another Royal Decree Law (12 July 1923, n.

Originally the Political Police archive was divided into two parts: (1) ‘materia’ which held reports from informers, divided by operation and subject (known as ‘categorie’), identified by a letter and number, and (2) the personal files (known as the ‘fascicoli verdi’) on individuals who were the objects of informers’ reports. 36 These were personal dossiers on informers who were recruited directly before October 1938. Each of these informers was identified by a numerical code and also by the pseudonym used by the informer in his or her report.

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