Caribbean Public Policy: Regional, Cultural, And by Jacqueline Anne Braveboy-wagner, Dennis J Gayle

By Jacqueline Anne Braveboy-wagner, Dennis J Gayle

Developing international locations, together with these within the Caribbean, are urgently trying to establish new moorings within the post–Cold conflict global, that's characterised through complicated new monetary and sociopolitical demanding situations. Caribbean nations needs to now compete for funding capital and markets whereas striving for social fairness, keeping consultant democracy, and conserving the environment.This booklet bargains a complete review of public coverage matters within the area, taking a look specifically at those very important topics: fiscal coverage, the neighborhood company surroundings, regionalism and integration, larger schooling, health and wellbeing care, hard work and migration, gender, drug abuse and narcotrafficking, the surroundings, telecommunications, and technological know-how and expertise. The members, all eminent representatives from the English, Spanish, French, and Dutch Caribbean, compile culturally different viewpoints and tackle matters with a fresh directness, assessing realities, demanding situations, and attainable futures of the Caribbean.

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By Jacqueline Anne Braveboy-wagner, Dennis J Gayle

Developing international locations, together with these within the Caribbean, are urgently trying to establish new moorings within the post–Cold conflict global, that's characterised through complicated new monetary and sociopolitical demanding situations. Caribbean nations needs to now compete for funding capital and markets whereas striving for social fairness, keeping consultant democracy, and conserving the environment.This booklet bargains a complete review of public coverage matters within the area, taking a look specifically at those very important topics: fiscal coverage, the neighborhood company surroundings, regionalism and integration, larger schooling, health and wellbeing care, hard work and migration, gender, drug abuse and narcotrafficking, the surroundings, telecommunications, and technological know-how and expertise. The members, all eminent representatives from the English, Spanish, French, and Dutch Caribbean, compile culturally different viewpoints and tackle matters with a fresh directness, assessing realities, demanding situations, and attainable futures of the Caribbean.

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Reinterpreting the Banana Republic: Region and State in by Darío A. Euraque

By Darío A. Euraque

During this new research of Honduran social and political improvement, Dar?o Euraque explains why Honduras escaped the development of revolution and civil wars suffered through its buddies Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. inside this comparative framework, he demanding situations the normal Banana Republic 'theory' and its assumption that multinational organizations thoroughly managed kingdom formation in important the US. as a substitute, he demonstrates how neighborhood society in Honduras's North Coast banana-exporting sector encouraged nationwide political improvement. in accordance with Euraque, the reformism of the Nineteen Seventies, which avoided social and political polarization within the Eighties, originated within the neighborhood politics of San Pedro Sula and different towns alongside the North Coast. furthermore, Euraque exhibits that by means of the Nineteen Sixties, the banana-growing parts had turn into bastions of liberalism, led through neighborhood capitalists and arranged staff. This neighborhood political tradition at once inspired occasions on the nationwide point, argues Euraque. particularly, the army coup of 1972 drew its ideology and civilian leaders from the North Coast, and for this reason, the recent regime was once capable of effectively channel renowned unrest into state-sponsored reform initiatives. in accordance with long-ignored resources in Honduran and American records and on interviews, the publication signs an incredible reinterpretation of contemporary Honduran historical past.

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By Darío A. Euraque

During this new research of Honduran social and political improvement, Dar?o Euraque explains why Honduras escaped the development of revolution and civil wars suffered through its buddies Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. inside this comparative framework, he demanding situations the normal Banana Republic 'theory' and its assumption that multinational organizations thoroughly managed kingdom formation in important the US. as a substitute, he demonstrates how neighborhood society in Honduras's North Coast banana-exporting sector encouraged nationwide political improvement. in accordance with Euraque, the reformism of the Nineteen Seventies, which avoided social and political polarization within the Eighties, originated within the neighborhood politics of San Pedro Sula and different towns alongside the North Coast. furthermore, Euraque exhibits that by means of the Nineteen Sixties, the banana-growing parts had turn into bastions of liberalism, led through neighborhood capitalists and arranged staff. This neighborhood political tradition at once inspired occasions on the nationwide point, argues Euraque. particularly, the army coup of 1972 drew its ideology and civilian leaders from the North Coast, and for this reason, the recent regime was once capable of effectively channel renowned unrest into state-sponsored reform initiatives. in accordance with long-ignored resources in Honduran and American records and on interviews, the publication signs an incredible reinterpretation of contemporary Honduran historical past.

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A Rich Land, a Poor People: Politics and Society in Modern by Thomas Benjamin

By Thomas Benjamin

Chiapas, a kingdom in southern Mexico, burst into overseas information in January 1994. a number of thousand insurgents, given a voice within the communiques of Subcomandante Marcos, took keep an eye on of the capital and different key cities and held the Mexican military and executive at bay for weeks. Proclaiming themselves the Zapatista military of nationwide Liberation, they captured either land and headlines. world wide, humans desired to understand the reply to 1 query: why had revolutionaries taken over a Mexican nation? No different research of Chiapas solutions that query as completely as does this booklet. The rebellion and government's armed profession of the nation are however the most modern violent episodes in a quarter that's now and has continually been a wealthy land labored by means of bad humans. by means of learning the impoverishment of the laboring classification in Chiapas, Benjamin addresses how the Chiapan elite survived the Revolution of 1910 and stay answerable for the state's improvement and future. extra truly than someone else, Benjamin exhibits in his new ultimate bankruptcy that the modern agrarian rebellion is the legacy of Chiapan underdevelopment.

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By Thomas Benjamin

Chiapas, a kingdom in southern Mexico, burst into overseas information in January 1994. a number of thousand insurgents, given a voice within the communiques of Subcomandante Marcos, took keep an eye on of the capital and different key cities and held the Mexican military and executive at bay for weeks. Proclaiming themselves the Zapatista military of nationwide Liberation, they captured either land and headlines. world wide, humans desired to understand the reply to 1 query: why had revolutionaries taken over a Mexican nation? No different research of Chiapas solutions that query as completely as does this booklet. The rebellion and government's armed profession of the nation are however the most modern violent episodes in a quarter that's now and has continually been a wealthy land labored by means of bad humans. by means of learning the impoverishment of the laboring classification in Chiapas, Benjamin addresses how the Chiapan elite survived the Revolution of 1910 and stay answerable for the state's improvement and future. extra truly than someone else, Benjamin exhibits in his new ultimate bankruptcy that the modern agrarian rebellion is the legacy of Chiapan underdevelopment.

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National Colors: Racial Classification and the State in by Mara Loveman

By Mara Loveman

The period of professional color-blindness in Latin the US has come to an finish. For the 1st time in a long time, approximately each kingdom in Latin the US now asks their electorate to spot their race or ethnicity at the nationwide census. such a lot observers approvingly spotlight the ancient novelty of those reforms, yet National Colors exhibits that respectable racial class of voters has a protracted heritage in Latin the USA.

Through a finished research of the politics and perform of professional ethnoracial class within the censuses of 19 Latin American states throughout approximately centuries, this e-book explains why such a lot Latin American states categorised their electorate via race on early nationwide censuses, why they stopped the perform of reliable racial class round mid-twentieth century, and why they reintroduced ethnoracial category on nationwide censuses on the sunrise of the twenty-first century. past household political struggles, the research unearths that the ways in which Latin American states labeled their populations from the mid-nineteenth century onward spoke back to alterations in foreign standards for the way to build a latest kingdom and advertise nationwide improvement. As winning foreign understandings of what made a political and cultural group a latest country replaced, so too did the ways in which Latin American census officers depicted range inside nationwide populations. the best way census officers defined populations in respectable statistics, in flip, formed how policymakers considered nationwide populations and proficient their prescriptions for nationwide development--with effects that also reverberate in modern political struggles for popularity, rights, and redress for ethnoracially marginalized populations in trendy Latin America.

"While Loveman isn't the purely student taking note of governmental census taking, this e-book stands proud for its theoretical intensity, the amazing mastery of ancient context and company, and its long term historic breath. Loveman indicates that instead of reflecting household politics or particular demographic configurations, Latin American states gathered facts at the form of racial or ethnic different types that they inspiration could aid record, to a world viewers of different states, their efforts and achievements in changing into smooth nations."-Andreas Wimmer, Hughes-Rogers Professor of Sociology, Princeton college

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By Mara Loveman

The period of professional color-blindness in Latin the US has come to an finish. For the 1st time in a long time, approximately each kingdom in Latin the US now asks their electorate to spot their race or ethnicity at the nationwide census. such a lot observers approvingly spotlight the ancient novelty of those reforms, yet National Colors exhibits that respectable racial class of voters has a protracted heritage in Latin the USA.

Through a finished research of the politics and perform of professional ethnoracial class within the censuses of 19 Latin American states throughout approximately centuries, this e-book explains why such a lot Latin American states categorised their electorate via race on early nationwide censuses, why they stopped the perform of reliable racial class round mid-twentieth century, and why they reintroduced ethnoracial category on nationwide censuses on the sunrise of the twenty-first century. past household political struggles, the research unearths that the ways in which Latin American states labeled their populations from the mid-nineteenth century onward spoke back to alterations in foreign standards for the way to build a latest kingdom and advertise nationwide improvement. As winning foreign understandings of what made a political and cultural group a latest country replaced, so too did the ways in which Latin American census officers depicted range inside nationwide populations. the best way census officers defined populations in respectable statistics, in flip, formed how policymakers considered nationwide populations and proficient their prescriptions for nationwide development--with effects that also reverberate in modern political struggles for popularity, rights, and redress for ethnoracially marginalized populations in trendy Latin America.

"While Loveman isn't the purely student taking note of governmental census taking, this e-book stands proud for its theoretical intensity, the amazing mastery of ancient context and company, and its long term historic breath. Loveman indicates that instead of reflecting household politics or particular demographic configurations, Latin American states gathered facts at the form of racial or ethnic different types that they inspiration could aid record, to a world viewers of different states, their efforts and achievements in changing into smooth nations."-Andreas Wimmer, Hughes-Rogers Professor of Sociology, Princeton college

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Numismatic History of Republic of Panama by Brian R. Stickney

By Brian R. Stickney

Las Monedas de Panama / История нумизматики республики Панама
Описание:
Небольшой каталог по монетам Панамы,
цены даны в долларах США на 1971 год.

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By Brian R. Stickney

Las Monedas de Panama / История нумизматики республики Панама
Описание:
Небольшой каталог по монетам Панамы,
цены даны в долларах США на 1971 год.

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Natives, Europeans, and Africans in Sixteenth-Century by Robinson A. Herrera

By Robinson A. Herrera

The 1st century of Spanish colonization in Latin the USA witnessed the start of towns that, whereas secondary to nice metropolitan facilities similar to Mexico urban and Lima, grew to become very important hubs for local trade. Santiago de Guatemala, the colonial capital of crucial the USA, used to be this type of. A multiethnic and multicultural urban from its starting, Santiago grew right into a energetic buying and selling heart for agrarian items comparable to cacao and farm animals hides. With the wealth this trade generated, Spaniards, natives, and African slaves outfitted a urban that any ecu of the interval might have came across universal. This publication presents a extra entire photo of society, tradition, and financial system in sixteenth-century Santiago de Guatemala than has ever earlier than been drawn. Robinson Herrera makes use of formerly unstudied fundamental resources, together with testaments, promissory notes, and paintings contracts, to recreate the lives and fiscal actions of the non-elite sectors of society, together with natives, African slaves, economically marginal Europeans, and folks of combined descent. His specialise in those teams sheds mild at the functioning of the economic climate on the reduce degrees and divulges how humans of alternative ethnic teams shaped alliances to create a colourful neighborhood and nearby economic system in response to credits. This portrait of Santiago additionally raises our knowing of ways secondary Spanish American towns contributed vitally to the expansion of the colonies.

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By Robinson A. Herrera

The 1st century of Spanish colonization in Latin the USA witnessed the start of towns that, whereas secondary to nice metropolitan facilities similar to Mexico urban and Lima, grew to become very important hubs for local trade. Santiago de Guatemala, the colonial capital of crucial the USA, used to be this type of. A multiethnic and multicultural urban from its starting, Santiago grew right into a energetic buying and selling heart for agrarian items comparable to cacao and farm animals hides. With the wealth this trade generated, Spaniards, natives, and African slaves outfitted a urban that any ecu of the interval might have came across universal. This publication presents a extra entire photo of society, tradition, and financial system in sixteenth-century Santiago de Guatemala than has ever earlier than been drawn. Robinson Herrera makes use of formerly unstudied fundamental resources, together with testaments, promissory notes, and paintings contracts, to recreate the lives and fiscal actions of the non-elite sectors of society, together with natives, African slaves, economically marginal Europeans, and folks of combined descent. His specialise in those teams sheds mild at the functioning of the economic climate on the reduce degrees and divulges how humans of alternative ethnic teams shaped alliances to create a colourful neighborhood and nearby economic system in response to credits. This portrait of Santiago additionally raises our knowing of ways secondary Spanish American towns contributed vitally to the expansion of the colonies.

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The Black Madonna in Latin America and Europe: Tradition and by Malgorzata Oleszkiewicz-Peralba

By Malgorzata Oleszkiewicz-Peralba

A cultural icon, the Black Madonna is a mix of the Virgin Mary and historic mother-goddesses from Eurasian, local American, and African cultures. She is worshipped and cherished via thousands of individuals world wide. during this exam of the darkish mom archetype, Oleszkiewicz-Peralba explores the Black Madonna's features within the various cultures of Poland, Mexico and the yank Southwest, Brazil, and Cuba. In those 4 geographic settings, the Black Madonna has turn into a logo of nationwide id, resistance opposed to oppression, and empowerment for the feminine inhabitants. the hole bankruptcy considers the Black Madonna in early East-Central eu renowned spirituality, folklore, and symbolism. bankruptcy discusses the Virgin of Guadalupe and the construction of nationwide mestizo id in Mexico. The 3rd bankruptcy follows up with a examine of Afro-Indo-European syncretism concerning the Black Madonna in Brazil and the Caribbean. The fourth and ultimate bankruptcy discusses the Madonna within the type of the Virgin of Guadalupe in larger Mexico and the Latino usa. As proven within the Black Madonna in Latin the US and Europe, this respected snapshot has been a logo of motherhood, safety, and id in public ceremonies and personal devotions, whereas subtly changing into a visual manifestation of the mixing of cultures and spiritual ideals over the years and position.

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By Malgorzata Oleszkiewicz-Peralba

A cultural icon, the Black Madonna is a mix of the Virgin Mary and historic mother-goddesses from Eurasian, local American, and African cultures. She is worshipped and cherished via thousands of individuals world wide. during this exam of the darkish mom archetype, Oleszkiewicz-Peralba explores the Black Madonna's features within the various cultures of Poland, Mexico and the yank Southwest, Brazil, and Cuba. In those 4 geographic settings, the Black Madonna has turn into a logo of nationwide id, resistance opposed to oppression, and empowerment for the feminine inhabitants. the hole bankruptcy considers the Black Madonna in early East-Central eu renowned spirituality, folklore, and symbolism. bankruptcy discusses the Virgin of Guadalupe and the construction of nationwide mestizo id in Mexico. The 3rd bankruptcy follows up with a examine of Afro-Indo-European syncretism concerning the Black Madonna in Brazil and the Caribbean. The fourth and ultimate bankruptcy discusses the Madonna within the type of the Virgin of Guadalupe in larger Mexico and the Latino usa. As proven within the Black Madonna in Latin the US and Europe, this respected snapshot has been a logo of motherhood, safety, and id in public ceremonies and personal devotions, whereas subtly changing into a visual manifestation of the mixing of cultures and spiritual ideals over the years and position.

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