By Νίκος Καζαντζάκης Nikos Kazantzakis
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Extra resources for Buddha
065. This interaction reflects the fact that for high imageability items responses to non-synonymous pairs were slower, and for low imageability items responses to synonymous pairs were slower. Accuracy. 180, with higher accuracy on high imageability items. 037, with responses to nonsynonymous pairs being more accurate. There was no interaction between imageability and synonymy by-subjects or items. Individual analyses Reaction time. Every individual participant within the group was faster to respond to high imageability than low imageability stimuli, and this was significant for the majority of the participants (70%; see Appendix F).
However, there have been some statistical methods proposed that assist in this interpretation—providing us with estimates of an individual’s “abnormality” and confidence limits on these estimates. Crawford and Howell (1998) present a technique for comparing an individual’s score to that of a small group of controls (modified independent samples t-test rather than z-score as is more usual for normative data from a large sample). 082 Figure 2. Scatterplot of the relationship between size of the imageability effect (reaction time difference) and overall mean reaction time for synonym judgements.
The lexical decision task contained 10 practice items and 120 test stimuli. The test items consisted of 60 nonwords and 60 words. The word stimuli were in four subsets of 15 items, each systematically varying imageability and frequency within the subsets (High imageability-High frequency, High imageability-Low frequency, Low imageability-High frequency, Low imageability-Low frequency). Words are matched across groups (pairwise) as far as possible for grammatical class, number of letters, syllables, and morphemes.