By Pulsars as physics Laboratories, Ed.
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Extra resources for Blandford
Some procedure texts with mathematical astronomy include procedures that belong to nonmathematical astronomy (NMAT); for instance No. 53 (lunar system A) includes a procedure for solstices and equinoxes. Finally, several tablets with procedures for Jupiter include ‘mathematical’ procedures involving trapezoids (cf. 3), but it cannot be ruled out that they have some hitherto unrecognised connection with Jupiter. 5 Transmission and evolution Our ability to trace the transmission and evolution of the procedure texts is limited by the narrow temporal distribution of the tablets.
77 Also the conformal translations exhibit certain problematic features. The demand of strict conformity with the original text results in translations that are sometimes difﬁcult to understand, because Akkadian word order is maintained even if it violates English grammar, and many technical terms are translated with neologisms. Another possibly problematic aspect is the use of etymology for constructing English neologisms that serve as translations of certain technical terms but also of common words.
A perspective from translation theory In order to come up with a practical solution to the problem of translation it is helpful to explore the insights of modern translation theory,78 and seek an answer to the following questions. First, what are the criteria by which the adequacy of a translation can be judged? Second, what does translation theory tell us about the ‘orthodox’ translations and the conformal translations? According to translation theory, translation involves a sender, an original text, a translator, a goal text and a recipient.