By Michael P. Fronda
Hannibal invaded Italy with the desire of elevating common rebellions between Rome's subordinate allies. but even after crushing the Roman military at Cannae, he was once in simple terms partly profitable. Why did a few groups choose to aspect with Carthage and others to facet with Rome? this can be the elemental query posed during this publication, and attention is given to the actual political, diplomatic, army and monetary components that encouraged person groups' judgements. realizing their motivations finds a lot, not only concerning the struggle itself, but additionally approximately Rome's kin with Italy throughout the past centuries of competitive growth. The ebook sheds new gentle on Roman imperialism in Italy, the character of Roman hegemony, and the transformation of Roman Italy within the interval best as much as the Social conflict. it's proficient all through via modern political technological know-how conception and archaeological proof, and may be required studying for all historians of the Roman Republic.
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Extra info for Between Rome and Carthage: Southern Italy during the Second Punic War
We should not see Rome, then, as the only expansionist hegemonic state, but rather as one of a number of powerful states and coalitions competing to dominate the system. Also, Lemke (1996) has observed that within any international hierarchy there exist numerous regional or local hierarchies, each with its own unipolar, bipolar or multipolar arrangements. So even after Rome began to emerge as the most powerful state in Italy, pushing the entire system towards unipolarity – certainly by around 300 if not earlier – the peninsula as a whole could still be seen as a series of local or regional interstate systems within which one or a few states asserted, or attempted to assert, their own hegemony.
18 Similarly, Polybius effectively starts his history with the events leading up to the First Punic War, but he glosses briefly over the war with Pyrrhus and otherwise makes only a few passing references to Italian cities (other than Rome) before the Second Punic War. 19 This gap in the narrative sources for the middle of the third century poses a formidable but not completely intractable problem. The various sources for Pyrrhus’ Italian campaign do provide evidence for local politics and interstate relations in southern Italy, especially among the southern Italian Greek cities, in the early third century, even if the coverage of Italian matters between Pyrrhus and Hannibal is spotty at best.
These general themes and patterns will re-emerge throughout this book, finding their particular local expressions in the regional case studies comprising the central four chapters. 31 The first three were a difficult series of conflicts that pitted the Romans against a coalition of Samnite communities in the south-central Apennines, and also brought Rome into increasing contact with the inhabitants of Campania and Apulia, who all (or mostly all) submitted to Rome by the end of the Second Samnite War.