By Francesca Rochberg
Interpretations of heavenly phenomena as indicators of the longer term was once a Mesopotamian culture of significant antiquity. The perform of Babylonian celestial divination, spanning a interval from ca. 1800 B.C. to Hellenistic instances, is understood within the kind of celestial omens portending the lifetime of the king and the steadiness of the kingdom. rising for the 1st time within the 5th century B.C., horoscopes mirror the appliance of definitely the right and perform of celestial divination to the lifetime of the person. this is often the 1st entire variation of the extant cuneiform horoscopes--with transcription and philological and astronomical statement. it's the first learn to provide a scientific description of the records as a definable type of Babylonian astronomical/astrological texts.
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Additional info for Babylonian Horoscopes (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society)
E. 223 -88 Text No. E. E. E. E. E. E. E. 61 -250 8 unpub. 28 ? unpub. E. E. 135 -175 unpub. E. 195 -116 two horoscopes unpub. E. E. 231 -80 25 BM 42025 + L*1472f. E. 88 -223 13 BM 47642 unpub. two horoscopes 6a BM 47721 unpub. E. ll 36 -368 birth note BM 64148 unpub. E. E. 186 -125 BM 78089 unpub. E. 172 -139 BM 81561 unpub. E. E. E. 63 -248 Uruk NCBT 1231 unpub. E. E. E. 1 TheNames of thePlanets The horoscopesuse the abbreviatednames of the planetsfamiliarfrom non-mathematicalastronomicaltexts and mathematicalephemerides.
BM22696obv. 1 (barartim), 3 (saturri). 15. Sachs-Hunger, 21 Sachs-Hunger,Diaries Vol. 15. Elements of a BabylonianHoroscope 37 USAN, if both areused. In Text 18:2-4, the birthdate is the sixth of the month. The time of the birth in this horoscope, however, is in the last part of the night (ina ZALAG). Obviously, the moon was no longer above the horizon at the time of birth, just before sunrise. A (computed)zodiacal lunar position is also given, as is customary in the horoscopes which quote normal star positions for the moon.
Moon:Taurus3? Saturn:Libra21? Jupiter:Cancer15? Mars:Capricorn28? Venus:Pisces27? Mercury:Virgo 15? Cuneiform evidence of the planetary bit nisirti's, most of which, however, is Seleucid in date,54supplies all the identifications of hypsomata for the sun, moon, and five planets, and these correspond to the zodiacal signs of the Greek hypsomata,leaving no doubt as to the origins of the Greek theory. It also makes clearthat althoughthe literaltranslationof the Akkadian btu in bit niFirti is "house,"the term should not be confused with the later Greek astrologicalterm "houses"(otKot) and its use in Greek E.