Autism: Mind and Brain by Uta Frith, Elisabeth L. Hill

By Uta Frith, Elisabeth L. Hill

Autism is a neuro-developmental illness that enables a special window at the dating among brain and mind. Autism is characterised by means of impaired social interplay and communique in addition to repetitive behaviors and limited pursuits. The consensus of this affliction for daily life variation are tremendous variable. reports point out that the variety of clinically determined instances of Autism, or autistic spectrum illness, is expanding with round 0.6% of the inhabitants affected. although childish autism used to be first defined nearly 60 years in the past and autism has been the topic of excessive examine actions even considering the fact that, the starting place of the continues to be now not understood.

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By Uta Frith, Elisabeth L. Hill

Autism is a neuro-developmental illness that enables a special window at the dating among brain and mind. Autism is characterised by means of impaired social interplay and communique in addition to repetitive behaviors and limited pursuits. The consensus of this affliction for daily life variation are tremendous variable. reports point out that the variety of clinically determined instances of Autism, or autistic spectrum illness, is expanding with round 0.6% of the inhabitants affected. although childish autism used to be first defined nearly 60 years in the past and autism has been the topic of excessive examine actions even considering the fact that, the starting place of the continues to be now not understood.

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Qxd 11/14/03 7:14 PM Page 22 22 K. Hippler and C. Klicpera but often highly gifted, individuals who manage social integration despite their somewhat odd social interaction or communication. He stated that AP corresponded with autism as described by Kanner (1943) in wide terms but emphasized his belief that these disorders had a genetic background and were not caused ‘exogenously’. In his view, the two main diagnoses to be differentiated from AP included cerebral organic conditions and schizophrenic psychoses (Asperger 1952).

Witkin, H. , Oltman, P. , Raskin, E. and Karp, S. (1971). A manual for the embedded figures test. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press. World Health Organization (1992). The ICD-10 classification for mental and behavioural disorders: clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. , Poline, J. , Mangin, J. , et al. (2000). Temporal lobe dysfunction in childhood autism: a PET study. Am. J. Psychiatry 157, 1988–93. qxd 11/14/03 7:14 PM Page 21 2 A retrospective analysis of the clinical case records of ‘autistic psychopaths’ diagnosed by Hans Asperger and his team at the University Children’s Hospital, Vienna Kathrin Hippler and Christian Klicpera To date, it is questionable whether the diagnostic criteria for Asperger syndrome (AS) as stated by ICD-10 or DSM-IV still reflect Asperger’s original account of ‘autistic psychopathy’ (AP) from the 1940s.

Szatmari (2000) holds an alternative view in this debate by regarding AS as one possible pathway of different disorders of the autistic spectrum or pervasive developmental disorders. This implies that a person’s diagnosis may, for instance, change from autism to AS over time. Similarly, Wing (2000) argues that a mixture of symptoms that are typical for autism and AS can often be found in the same individual and changes in symptoms may occur over time. To date, it is highly questionable whether Asperger’s original description of AP fits today’s diagnostic criteria of AS in DSM-IV and ICD-10.

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