By Antonia E. Foias
"An extraordinary review of modern scholarship coupled with the result of a long term learn venture on the website and sector of Motul de San José. It contributes considerably to the anthropological literature on politics and power." --Daniela Triadan, coeditor of Burned Palaces and Elite flats of Aguateca
"A lengthy past due and especially welcome piece of scholarly paintings. It synthesizes, digests, and makes on hand the result of the great increase in political reports within the Maya zone that has happened within the final two decades because of quick glyph decipherment, elevated archaeological information, and extra refined theoretical modeling." --Eleanor M. King, Howard University
The learn of politics, a dominating strength all through historical past, supplies nice perception into the lives of old humans. as a result of the richness and complexity of Maya society, archaeologists and anthropologists have spent many years trying to reconstruct its political systems.
In Ancient Maya Political Dynamics, Antonia Foias argues that there's no unmarried Maya political heritage yet a number of histories, no unmarried Maya nation yet a number of polities that have to be understood on the point of the lived, person event. She explores the ways that the dynamics of political energy formed the lives and panorama of the Maya and the way this data can be utilized to examine different advanced societies.
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9. Estrada-Belli (2011, 84–110) presents an excellent overview of the iconography of these Late Preclassic stucco friezes of deities found throughout the Maya lowlands. 10. Coastal Belize and the Central Peten Lakes also remained vibrant during the Postclassic. In addition, some centers in the northern Maya lowlands suffered collapse and abandonment, such as Ek Balam (Ringle et al. 2004). 11. One clue that Chichen Itza was competing with these centers is that its pottery (called Sotuta) is restricted to its environs and areas it controlled (such as Isla Cerritos off the north coast of Yucatan), while the rest of the Yucatecan sites produced slightly different pottery types, called the Cehpech ceramic sphere (Lincoln 1986; Robles and Andrews 1986; Ringle et al.
Because power is not considered to be a static quantity that is held by elites only, it is seen as relational and conflictive; leaders and followers are constantly engaged in a virtual tug of war. Legitimacy and authority are at the heart of the relationship between leaders and followers, and recent explorations of political power have moved away from studies of the economic foundations of ancient governments to the study of the ideational means by which rulers, leaders, and governments persuaded their followers to support them.
Elites can attempt to control land, natural resources, or food sources of particular importance for production or exchange, or the means of production. The decision of which resources to control varies among different societies, depending on a number of factors, and archaeologists can reconstruct material sources of power by recognizing which economic pursuits elites are intervening in as reflected in the productive activities that took place in elite households. Ideational sources of power include symbols, ideology, ritual practices, moral codes, and information or knowledge (Mann 1986, 22–23).