By George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki
First released as a bankruptcy in Language in Zambia: Grammatical Sketches through the Institute of African reviews (now the Institute of financial and Social examine) in 1977, this can be the second one in a chain of person courses on Zambian languages and grammar. The goal of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which turned quite in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian executive to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guide. This quantity offers a grammatical comic strip of Lozi, a language regarding the Sotho language staff, and one of many languages spoken because the lingua franca all around the Western Province of Zambia. it really is spoken at the critical Barotse undeniable to the north and south of Mongu and on each side of the Zambezi river, all of the method to Livingstone, the place it's the major African language in use, and a substantial distance inland. it's the moment administrative language of the rustic after English. The examine offers a accomplished survey of the entire significant grammatical good points of the language.
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Additional resources for An outline of Silozi grammar
G. g. -boÍ- (bind) -utvÌ-ang' (hearoften) cp. Jahtr- (getdrunk) (3) /-irit-/ (lntensive:thorouú, effectiveãction) (understandthoroughÌy) cp. g. g. cp. y up) cp. -om- (dÌy) -/ìt-elel- (pass ght thrcugh) cp. -ft- (passby) Thìs extensiontakesthe forn l-elez-l afrer radicalsending in lc, j. e. alveolaror palatalstops,spirântsând nasâls. g. -biz-elez- (callall) b) V€rbal extensionsìr,,hichrestrict the collocational relationships of verb rad;calsand verb phmses, (5),/-Ír"-/(Associâtive: actionor stateaffectingpartsof awholein common) e-9.
MuJim-i (farmer) bu-pil-o (health) 0) (14) cp. -lim- (cultivate) cp. g. le (hândbell) cp. ngele (ringing) sikwakwakwa (machinegun) cP. l a (report of gun) Nominal ConJtructiont of, Clatt la with prefixal formatives/Ë/ (often masculine)and/ra-l (oft€n feÍninine) ar€ commonin the dictionary. ã (untidy woman) (lâ) nãmulomo (talkative woÌnan) (la) Nominal ConJtructionsof Class 2â occur whenúe prefix /óo-l is usedâs with a PhÌase. g. bo-ndat' aluna o/oul fathers) (our fatheÍs) bo-ndat'abona (their fathers) bo-nddl'amina Nomìnal constructions âre formed by the use of secondaryprefixes with complexstemsmadeup ofthe morpheme/ttgal and nounsofclass 1aor 24.
Ke- t3. Theenumerative stemsare: 14. 15. r7. buku_ hu_ -Awt (one) -Uí? ) (cÌassesÌ and 6 only) Stem/-rlril doesnot occur with the classafrx€s ofpluml class€s,savewith that ofclass 2 wiú honorific meaniflg. g. bondatebali baryi (father on his own) Enumerativeswrth ste'r|'/-7wi/ (one) are always used as compleínentsof the verb /-/r7(be) in paúicipialt phrases. e. / is commonly only used in clâssesI and 6 and, as selectorsteÍÍLin cla5s9. THE SELECTOR Constructionalpattem: prefu + seleclorstem selecror The forms ofthe classamxesas selectorprefixesare as follows: l- u- 3.