By H.W. Magoun, L. Marshall
A heritage of ways neural, behavioural and communicative subdisciplines coalesced in neuroscience to create a promising method of realizing the relation of brain to mind. It chronicles the growth of sought after centres of analysis and the improvement of cutting edge equipment and ideas.
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Extra info for American Neuroscience in 20th Century
As background, Papez pointed out, Many … have proved that the human brain embodies in its essential sensory and motor parts a primitive simian [ape-like] pattern … . in addition, there are certain cortical association areas small in the simia which have been so vastly enlarged in the human brain that they constitute features distinctive of man … . (Papez, 1927, p. 66). Papez’s emphasis on the associative areas as indicative of mental capacity was a wholesome steadying influence on the functional localization story.
Silas Weir Mitchell (1829–1914; Fig. 4) was another 19th-century figure who combined medical practice and research in the health sciences with substantial literary accomplishments. His father, John K. Mitchell, had been appointed to the chairs of chemistry at the Franklin Institute in 1833 and of medical practice at Jefferson Medical College in 1839, thereafter becoming one of the city’s 12 Attempts to “prove” a difference based on race have continued to this day, one of the most contentious being that of William Shockley (Pearson, 1992).
His prediction proved correct. Psychiatry Assailed As a sequel to these developments, in 1894, when the psychiatrists were planning a special program to celebrate the 50th annual meeting of their American Medico-Psychological Association (later the American Psychiatric Association), it was natural for them to invite Weir Mitchell to address them. He promptly declined, however on the ground that he could speak only critically. When told they still desired him to speak, he reflected that it would be worth his while to address them and agreed.