By E. Lundsgaarde
Combining reports of demography, weather switch, expertise and innovation, political improvement, new actors in foreign improvement, and international governance frameworks, this ebook highlights the key underlying determinants of swap within the African context and key uncertainties in regards to the continent's destiny improvement customers.
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Extra resources for Africa Toward 2030: Challenges for Development Policy
This focus is partly justified by the heavy weight that development cooperation with Africa occupies in the aid portfolios of the EU and its member states. Between 2000 and 2008, EU members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) disbursed an average of 44 per cent of their development assistance contributions annually to African countries, while the share of European Community aid directed to the continent averaged 42 per cent in the same period (OECD 2010). The Africa focus of this volume is also justified due to the complex of development challenges currently facing Africa that distinguish the continent from other world regions.
For one group, the role of new actors in diversifying sources of development finance, climate change, demographic forces, the global governance structure and nature of the global financial system, the development of information and alternative energy technologies, and the process of European integration itself were highlighted as drivers. For a second group, climate change, land use, new actors in international development, population growth, and the role of the African diaspora were placed in the spotlight.
In examining the prioritised list of drivers, concern was expressed that the selected drivers too strongly related to exogenous influences on African development rather than reflecting the importance of internal dynamics of change within Africa. This orientation may seem logical given that the research project itself has been conceived from the perspective of informing European development cooperation, which comprises a set of external levers for change. At the same time, as many of the chapters in this volume analysing the individual drivers in more depth indicate, understanding how exogenous forces could shape the future development landscape often requires a consideration of how they interact with endogenously determined forces.