A reference grammar of Trumai by Raquel Guirardello

By Raquel Guirardello

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By Raquel Guirardello

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F. 0 sons and daughters of Gaul, the apples of England are foul! g. The sailor's son is in a place suitable for sailors' sons. h. Gaul is not a three-cornered island. " The Latins spoke of equal (piir) and unequal (impar) numbers, and we speak of even and odd, the implication always being that if it can be divided by two, it's great, and if it can't, there's something wrong with it. 30 The original Indo-Europeans were so fond of the number 2 that they set up a special grammatical category called the dual, which contrasted with both the singular and the plural.

Tres, tria (gen. " Adjectives of one ending, like par (gen. paris) (equal, even) and atrox (gen. atrOcis) (cruel, terrible), are declined like implumis, implume and celeber, celebris, celebre, the only difference being that all the nominative singular forms are the same for all three genders. Again, the masculine and feminine accusative singular end in -em and the neuter in -, while in the plural, the nominative-accusative ending is -is for masculines and feminines and -;0 for neuters. And that is all there is to know about adjectives in Latin, and very nearly all there is to know about nouns.

How you know whether to decline a noun that ends in -er in the nominative like adulter or like ager is simple : you look it up in the dictionary where the nominative will be followed by the genitive singular form, which tells all. Thus, socer, soceri (father-in-law) versus cancer, cancri{crab). Fortunately, most second-declension nouns are like mundus, mundi and bel/um, belli. Adjectives of the first and second declensions are perfectly straightforward once you've encountered their nominal cousins.

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