By Nikolai Krementsov
Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the management of the Bolshevik occasion in the course of its adolescence, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) used to be a visionary. In technological know-how fiction novels set on Mars, Bogdanov imagined a destiny within which the employees of the realm, liberated from capitalist exploitation, create a “physiological collective” that rejuvenates and unites its participants via usual blood exchanges. yet Bogdanov was once now not simply a dreamer. He labored tirelessly to popularize and observe his imaginative and prescient, founding the 1st learn institute dedicated to the technological know-how of blood transfusion.
In A Martian Stranded on Earth, the 1st broad-based e-book on Bogdanov in English, Nikolai Krementsov examines Bogdanov’s roles as innovative, novelist, and scientist, offering his protagonist as a coherent philosopher who pursued his principles in a variety of venues. throughout the lens of Bogdanov’s involvement with blood reviews on one hand, and of his fictional and philosophical writings at the different, Krementsov bargains a nuanced research of the interactions among medical principles and societal values.
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Extra info for A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science
10 Anfimov received his first degree from the St. Petersburg University School of Natural Sciences and a second from the Military-Â�Medical Academy. For several years, he worked as a physician and at the same time prepared a doctoral dissertation on the anatomy and physiology of the central nervous system. In 1887, after the successful defense of his dissertation, he became a lecturer (privat-Â�dozent) at the VMA department of nervous and psychiatric diseases. In 1892, he left St. Petersburg to take up a professorial position at Tomsk University and, two years later, moved to Kharkov to chair the department of nervous and psychiatric diseases.
Timiriazev argued that only with Darwin’s introduction of “historical method” did biological investigations—from morphology and systematics to physiology and embryologyÂ�—become truly scientific, moving from simple observations to causal explanations of biological phenomena. He advanced the same argument in his four-Â� hundred-Â�page volume Charles Darwin and His Theory, published in the summer of 1894, which became a definitive Russian text on Darwinism for years to come (Timiriazev 1894a). ” Although he did not directly refer to Timiriazev in Basic Elements, Bogdanov’s later works demonstrate unambiguously that Timiriazev influenced profoundly not only his biological views and philosophical interests but also his attitudes toward science more generally.
In late August, he returned to St. Petersburg to resume his appointment as a VMA assistant surgeon. He kept working at Fedorov’s clinic throughout the war, the Russian revolutions of 1917, and the civil war. The trip abroad made an indelible impression on the young surgeon. ”28 Yet the physiological experiments he had conducted and new surgical techniques he had observed in Cushing’s laboratory were not the only things he had learned abroad. Ever since his return from the United States, Shamov dreamed about employing his newfound expertise in blood transfusions in his own clinical practice.