A history of art education: intellectual and social currents by Arthur D. Efland

By Arthur D. Efland

Fresh debates at the position of the humanities in American existence has refocused realization on artwork schooling in faculties. during this ebook, the writer places present debate and issues in a well-researched old point of view. He examines the institutional settings of paintings schooling all through Western historical past, the social forces that experience formed it and the evolution and influence of trade streams of effect on current perform. The e-book treats the visible arts in terms of advancements typically schooling and specific emphasis is put on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and at the social context that has affected our idea of paintings this day. The publication is meant as a primary textual content in heritage of paintings schooling classes, as a supplemental textual content in classes in paintings schooling equipment and background of schooling, and as a source for college students, professors and researchers.

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By Arthur D. Efland

Fresh debates at the position of the humanities in American existence has refocused realization on artwork schooling in faculties. during this ebook, the writer places present debate and issues in a well-researched old point of view. He examines the institutional settings of paintings schooling all through Western historical past, the social forces that experience formed it and the evolution and influence of trade streams of effect on current perform. The e-book treats the visible arts in terms of advancements typically schooling and specific emphasis is put on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and at the social context that has affected our idea of paintings this day. The publication is meant as a primary textual content in heritage of paintings schooling classes, as a supplemental textual content in classes in paintings schooling equipment and background of schooling, and as a source for college students, professors and researchers.

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Western culture dawned in Greece, and her great philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, wrote not only about education but also about the place of the arts within it; thus the story of art education begins here. In the intervening time span we shall witness the rise and fall of Rome, Europe during the Middle Ages, the Italian Renaissance, the discovery and conquest of the New World, and the founding of the United States. Art Education in the Classical Era Other civilizations have also discussed the arts and education, but the discussions of the Greeks have a direct bearing on our story, because their attitudes toward the arts themselves and toward their place in education continue to influence us even today.

In succeeding generations it was not uncommon for Romans to travel to such centers of Greek learning as Athens, Alexandria, and Rhodes to study rhetoric and philosophy. In Castle's (1961) view, Cicero's De Oratore (The Orator) is historically significant because it represents the triumph of Greek influence on Roman educational practice. In Cicero's view the purpose of education is to produce a good man skilled in speaking and thus able to be of practical service to the state. The true orator has to possess a good moral character, wide culture, and the ability to speak convincingly.

Because the impressions formed in childhood are indelible and lasting, moral education could begin Page 15 by exposing the child to good works of art. Thus he proclaimed: "Let our artists be those who are gifted to discern the true nature of the beautiful and the graceful; then will our youth dwell in the land of health, amid fair sights and sounds, and receive the good in everything" (Republic III: 40001). Art and Education in Aristotle's Politics Aristotle's view of art had its basis in a conception of reality that differed from Plato's, and consequently he arrived at different attitudes toward art and education.

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