By W. South Coblin
Phags-pa chinese language is the earliest type of the chinese to be written in a systematically devised alphabetic script. it's named after its author, a super thirteenth-century Tibetan scholar-monk who additionally served as political adviser to Kublai Khan. 'Phags-pa's invention of an alphabet for the Mongolian language is still an awfully vital accomplishment, either conceptually and virtually. With it he accomplished not anything under the production of a unified script for the entire various peoples within the Mongolian empire, together with the significant Asian Turks and Sinitic-speaking Chinese.
'Phags-pa is of colossal significance for the research of premodern chinese language phonology. despite the fact that, the script is hard to learn and interpret, and secondary fabrics on it are scattered and never simply acquired. the current booklet is meant as a pragmatic advent to 'Phags-pa chinese language reports and a advisor for studying and examining the script. It contains elements. the 1st half is an introductory part comprising 4 chapters. this can be by way of a word list of 'Phags-pa chinese language types and their corresponding chinese language characters, including pinyin and stroke order indexes to these characters.The first introductory bankruptcy outlines the discovery of the 'Phags-pa writing procedure, summarizes the main varieties of fabric preserved in it, and describes the ancient and linguistic contexts within which this invention happened. Following chapters aspect the background of 'Phags-pa reviews, the alphabet and its interpretation, and the salient gains of the underlying sound procedure represented by way of the script, evaluating it with these of assorted later different types of chinese language which have been recorded in alphabetic assets.
A guide of 'Phags-pa Chinese might be of specific curiosity to chinese language ancient phonologists and students occupied with the background and tradition of China and significant Asia in the course of the Yuan interval (A.D. 1279–1368).
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Additional resources for A handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese
Nakano's consecutive numbering system is exceedingly useful and greatly facilitates access to the MGZY data. It is this system which has been adopted in the Glossary section of the present handbook. Mantaro J. Hashimoto dealt extensively with 'Phags-pa Chinese in his doctoral dissertation on Ancient Chinese, which was completed in 1965 but not published until much later (Hashimoto 1978-79). Throughout the late 1960s and on into the 1970s he wrote often on 'Phags-pa matters. Hashimoto (1967), (1968 ), and (1971) dealt with specific problems in the phonetic interpretation of the script.
The second part tabulates, according to the syllabic order of occurrence in the MGZY, all forms from the Baijia:xing, the 'Phags-pa inscriptions, and the Buddhist sutras. In preparing this compendium a critical edition of the Baijia:xing was compiled, based on all four known versions. But this collation has apparently not been separately published as * 28 'Phags-pa Chinese Studies such. Hashimoto (1975) tabulates the occurrence of QYS rimes in the MGZY. This table is thus in a sense the reverse of that found in the first part of Hashimoto (1974).
18This date is sometimes incorrectly given as 1223. See Ning (1997: 141). The last character of Wang's name is written ~ in one source. Alternate names for his book in later sources are Wang Wenyu PingshuIyun £:::x:11~~*~Jt, Xrnktin PingshuI yunliie ~JTfU~*i-l, and PingshuI yunliie ~*it~. 19Ning used three different editions of the Xrnkan yunliie in his work. l[~ii (Shanghai: Guji, 1995, 250, 209-387). 2