By Nora C. England
This can be the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken at the present time through over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of in depth fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken by means of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in line with complementary ideas: to research Mam following essentially conventional degrees of grammatical description and to offer fabric in this sort of means that the history info helpful for knowing every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. therefore, England's research of the sound procedure and morphophonemic techniques of Mam is via an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in interpreting a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's leading edge towards strengthening the ergative process. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and for that reason it's uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series)
C , t: tI 8 II! 64 ROOTS AND WORDS ROOTS AND WORDS 65 II 3s -+ lp excl mode 4 • 3s -+ 2p been called affect verbs. 3) and se 3p -+ lp excl mantically. 3p -+ 2p action is performed, and therefore combine verbal and adver are ungrammatical because the agent does not take an enclitic and the patient therefore cannot. The combinations: There is a subclass of intransitive verbs which has They usually describe the manner in which an bial functions. leqeqeen -+ Is wit'it'iin 3s -+ 2s lach'ach'aan speaker disagreement as to acceptability of these forms.
Base follows. ' xpret- 'lying there, a thick and large tortilla or something similar'; 4. SUMMARY OF INFLECTION those which take inflection. mode, and person; 'sitting or standing, of a short, chubby person'; The three types of words which have been covered so far are Verbs are inflected for aspect, nouns are inflected for the person of a 79 peeled'. the shape CVnC, where the second C is Fifteen roots have ~. ~. or (x)b'onk- 'standing or sitting, a fat person' (ch)renky- 'standing or sitting, a person with fat legs' possessor, and non-verbal predicates are inflected for person.
Furthermore, the combinations: Table 2. Logically Possible: Is -+ 2s ( Is -+ 3s Is -+ Is -+ P 2 3p ! C 'I hit you/him/her/it' tJ > :2 rna ch-ok n-tzeeq'an-a 2s -+ Is 2s -+ 3s 2s -+ Ip excl 2s -+ 3p ma qo ok t-tzeeq'an-a ma ch-ok t-tzeeq'an-a 3s -+ Is ? ma chin ok t-tzeeq'an 3 3s -+ 25 ? ma tz'-ok t-tzeeq'an 3 3s -+ 3s ma tz'-ok t-tzeeq'an 3s -+ Ip excl 3s * -+ Ip incl ma qo ok t-tzeeq'an 3s -+ 2p 3s -+ 3p ma chin ok t-tzeeq'an-a ma tz'-ok t-tzeeq'an-a 'I hit you-all/them' t: 'you hit me' C ~ t: fJ, ~ 'you hit him/her/it' 'you hit us' 'you hit them' 'he/she/it hit me' 'he/she/it hit you' 'he/she/it hit him/her/it' 'he/she/it hit us-all' * ma ch-ok t-tzeeq'an , 'he/she/it hit them' :::=..