By Nora C. England
This can be the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this day by means of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the country of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of in depth fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is predicated at the dialect of Mam spoken by way of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in line with complementary ideas: to investigate Mam following essentially conventional degrees of grammatical description and to give fabric in this type of means that the historical past info useful for knowing every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. consequently, England's research of the sound process and morphophonemic strategies of Mam is via an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in interpreting a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative approach. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is leading edge, and therefore it really is uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language
Instead of adding some further meaning to the basic positional sense, as the transitive roots do, the adjectives remove the posi tional meaning from the basic semantics and instead refer to 'go or place one's self the physical characteristics alone. Further, among all possi to one side' ble adjectives, there are a number of semantic classes which are never found shared with a positional root. Transitive verbs are derived from positionals through the These include ROOTS AND WORDS 82 ROOTS AND WORDS 8: colors, flavors, odors, abstract qualities, temperatures, and the meaning changes to be descriptive of the quality of sounds, and personalities.
The singular n- 2 singular t 3 singular t ¢¢- 1 plural q qo 'V w- 'V tz- 'V tz'- 'V k 'V tz- 'V tz'- 'V k -a 'V functions of the prefixes and enclitics can be analyzed as exclusive follows: qo q Prefixes inclusive 2 3 plural ky plural chi -a 'V -ya chi- ky The allomorphs are mostly phonologically conditioned. n- 'V w-; n- 'V tz- 'V (n- -Is (t-, C. +lp (q-, qo-) D. -lp (ky-, chi) 'V w-, chin) ¢- 'V tz- 'V tz'- 'V Is (+ls, -2s) 2s (-Is, +2s) k- /potential PreB: 3s (-Is, -2s) tz'- /_V initial root, nonpotential PreC + EncC: lp excl (+lp, -2p) tz- PreC: lp incl (+lp, +2p) PreD + EncD: 2p (-lp, +2p) PreD: 3p (-lp, -2p) tz'- 'V k-: uul 'arrive here' and iky' 'pass by', ¢- /_C, nonpotential 'V +ls B.
9 A number of the relational nouns are related to common nouns, usually ones that refer to body parts. 2). The re1ationa1s, possessed by third person singular, and the common nouns to which they are related follow. 'white' and b'aag 'bone') 'my rope' 'white thorn tree' (from The parts given in parentheses are the phrase final forms for those relational nouns which have a different phrase final form. ~ and ch'i7x 'thorn') nsaq ch'i7xa That function is to indicate case or locative relationships. Compound nouns are nouns which contain two roots, one of them clitic follows it.