A Faustian Bargain: U.S. Intervention in the Nicaraguan by William I Robinson

By William I Robinson

As an research of the debatable US function within the 1990 Nicaraguan elections, this e-book exposes the duplicitous and doubtless unlawful intervention of the USA within the electoral strategy of a sovereign kingdom. Drawing on mystery files and interviews, the writer brings to mild the clandestine actions people officers and examines the consequences of the "electoral intervention undertaking" for US international coverage and for social swap within the 3rd international within the post-Cold struggle period.

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By William I Robinson

As an research of the debatable US function within the 1990 Nicaraguan elections, this e-book exposes the duplicitous and doubtless unlawful intervention of the USA within the electoral strategy of a sovereign kingdom. Drawing on mystery files and interviews, the writer brings to mild the clandestine actions people officers and examines the consequences of the "electoral intervention undertaking" for US international coverage and for social swap within the 3rd international within the post-Cold struggle period.

Show description

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Additional info for A Faustian Bargain: U.S. Intervention in the Nicaraguan Elections and American Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War Era

Example text

The transfer of Guatemalan refugees from camps in Chiapas to camps in Campeche and Quintana Roo began in May 1984, amid fierce opposition to the move on the part of many refugee families. Fearful of being relocated so far from their native land, some families actually crossed back from Chiapas into Guatemala, primarily to rural areas in the Department of Huehuetenango. Promises of land and food aid lured others away from the border. By the end of 1985, some 18,500 Guatemalan refugees were relocated in the Yucatan region.

Since the obligation was assigned on a rotating basis, this meant that roughly once a month every able-bodied tributary had to take a turn. If a town was required to supply repartimiento labor for the maximum period of forty-nine weeks, Copyrighted Material Survivors on the Move: Maya Migration in Time and Space 23 then an individual tributary would have to serve about twelve weekly shifts, some three months in total, performing low-paid duties. Migration induced by the burden of repartimiento must have put a tremendous strain on town economies, including the planting, weeding, and harvesting of individual and communal lands.

Returnees are likewise seen to constitute two distinct groups (AVANCSO 1992:17-18): (1) internally displaced refugees, who were often reintegrated into their communities of origin as part of an institutional plan or framework; and (2) externally displaced refugees, who were either repatriated under the watchful eye of government agencies and the international community or who decided simply to go back without any official involvement or persuasion. A distinction is made in the literature between "repatriation" and "return" (Stepputat 1994; Nolin Hanlon 1995).

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